1931, in Midtown Manhattan, at the corner of 5th Avenue and West 34th Street, the tallest building in the world was opened as the Empire State Building. It held the record for forty years until One World Trade Center was finished. Even though it is unfinished, the new One World Trade Center has once again eclipsed the Empire State Building as the tallest in New York, as of August 30, 2012.
1611, the Authorised King James Bible is printed by Robert Baker in London, for the first time, by appointment of the King.
1918, General Motors acquired the Chevrolet Motor Company of Delaware.
1953, Bobo Hollomon started his first game with the St. Louis Browns and threw a no-hitter. He also hit two singles and drove in three runs, all in his first ever major league game, a game the manager, Marty Marion, almost didn’t let him play in! After the game, Marion said he was glad Bobo pestered him until he let him play, and said, “He proved to me that he’s just about as good as he thinks he is.”
1415, John Wycliffe and Jan Hus are condemned at the Council of Constance as heretics.
1776, the colony of Rhode Island became the first colony to renounce allegiance to King George III.
1946, U.S. Marines from Treasure Island Naval Base quelled a two-day-long riot at the penitentiary on Alcatraz Island.
1494, Christopher Columbus landed at what is present day Jamaica and claimed it for Spain.
1536, King Henry VIII ordered that Bibles be printed in English and placed in every church. This was seventy-five years before the King James Bible is printed.
1847, the American Medical Association was formed in Philadelphia.
1945, V-E Day, combat ends in Europe as German forces agreed to an unconditional surrender at Rheims, France.
1869, the first trans-continental railroad in the U.S. is completed with a golden spike in the track at Promontory Summit, Utah.
1940, Winston Churchill was appointed Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
1858, Minnesota became the 32nd state admitted to the Union.
1924, Mercedes-Benz auto company is formed when Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz merge their two companies. Herr Daimler was already in the auto business with his business partner, Wilhelm Maybach since 1885 and founded DMG – Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft (Daimler Motors Corporation in English).
1942, the tanker USS Virginia was torpedoed and sunk in the Gulf of Mexico near the mouth of the Mississippi River by German U-boat 507.
1787, English Captain Arthur Phillip left Portsmouth, England with eleven ships of convicts, known as the “first fleet” to establish the penal colony in Australia.
1862, President Abraham Lincoln signs legislation creating the Bureau of Agriculture, later known as the Department of Agriculture.
1896, the 6 1/2 ton bronze and crystal chandelier in the auditorium of the Paris Opera House (Palais Garnier) fell, killing a guest and injuring several others. The chandelier had been in place for 21 years, being hoisted up for regular cleaning and maintenance without problem.
1932, landing in a pasture outside of Derry, Northern Ireland, Amelia Earhart became the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean from west to east. Earhart was forced to land due to stormy weather. Her intended goal had been Paris.
1935, Jesse Owens set three new records at a Big Ten meet in Michigan. He set records in the broad jump, the 220 yard dash and the low hurdles. Meanwhile, in Pittsburgh, PA, Babe Ruth hit his final home run, number 714. A record which held until broken by Hank Aaron in 1974.
1922, former President Taft dedicated the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C.
1988, the Reagan-Gorbachev summit ends in Moscow. This was the fourth meeting of the two leaders. In this meeting, Reagan planted a seed in the minds of the people for a better way of life without communist rule but with natural human rights. Gorbachev was upset by Reagan’s comments about human rights issues and made no further progress towards arms reductions. In three and a half years time, the Soviet Union collapsed.