1915, Parris Island is officially designated as a U.S. Marine Corps Recruit Depot.
1605, King James escaped death from the gunpowder plot of Guy Fawkes. Fawkes was caught lurking around in the Parliament building around midnight. A search of the premises was ordered and twenty barrels of gunpowder were found in the basement underneath Parliament where the King and the ministers were to meet that day.
1950, during the Korean War, the first jet-aircraft to jet-aircraft battle took place. U.S. Air Force Lt. Russell Brown shot down two North Korean MiG-15s.
1956, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that Alabamaʼs segregated busing laws were unconstitutional, thereby ending the Montgomery bus boycott.
1940, the city of Coventry, England was bombed to smithereens by the Nazis Luftwaffe bombers.
1863, President Lincoln traveled to Gettysburg, Pennsylvania by train, to deliver a speech at the dedication of the cemetery for the soldiers who died in battle at Gettysburg earlier that year.
1945, the criminal war trials of twenty-four Nazis began at the Palace of Justice in Nuremberg, Bavaria, Germany, historically known as the Nuremberg Trials.
164 BC, Judas Maccabaeus, son of Mattahias, restored the temple in Jerusalem. The event is commemorated as Hanukkah.
1620, the settlers in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, sign the Mayflower Compact.
1718, off the coast of North Carolina, the British Royal Navy attacked and killed the pirate “Blackbeard,” aboard his ship.
1936, the iconic American magazine LIFE went into print as a photographic publication. It was published weekly until 1972.
1835, the Texas Provincial Government authorized the mounted police force, known as the Texas Rangers, still in existence today. The Rangers had already been in operation for twelve years but the government had not formally approved and authorized the group.
1895, Swedish-born Alfred B. Nobel signed his last will and testament, declaring his intention that his fortune would be directed to provide for the establishing of the Nobel Prizes. He held 350 patents, his most famous being dynamite but lesser known inventions of his are plywood, a detonator and blasting cap. Though a pacifist, he owned several armament factories at the time of his death.
1924, Macyʼs held its first Thanksgiving Day Parade.
1520, Portuguese adventurer Ferdinand Magellan passed through a rough strait at the southern tip of South America, making him and his crew the first Europeans to pass over to the Pacific Ocean by traveling west. The straits are named after him as the Straits of Magellan.
1961, under the Mercury-Atlas project, NASA sent a chimpanzee into space. The spacecraft orbited earth twice then splashed down in the Atlantic near Puerto Rico.
1803, the Spaniards turn over Louisiana territory to the French, who later sell it to the U.S. about three weeks later.