January 22

1973, U.S. Supreme Court decided in the case Roe v. Wade to legalize abortion.

January 23

1950, The legislative branch of the Israeli government, the Knesset passed a resolution proclaiming Jerusalem the capital of Israel. Bethlehem

January 24

1942, the Battle of Makassar Strait ensued, as a U.S. destroyer attacked a Japanese convoy in the first surface action in the Pacific during World War II.
1962, the government of East Germany began conscription (compulsory enrollment of persons for military or naval service; draft.
And/or a compulsory contribution of money to a government during a time of war.)
1991, first Kuwaiti territory captured from Iraqis is made by Helos from USS Leftwich and the USS Nicholas.

January 25

1890, New York journalist Nellie Bly, returned from an around-the-world trip, proving that a trip around the world could be done in less than eighty days. Her trip took 72 days. A large crowd gathered to greet her as her story was carried in the World newspaper, tracking her progress.
1905, the world’s largest diamond was found in the Premier Mine in Pretoria, South Africa, owned by Sir Thomas Cullinan. The diamond was 3,106 carats and weighed 1.33 pounds. It ended up in England as a gift to King Edward VII. The diamond was cut into nine large stones and one-hundred smaller ones. The largest cut stone is 530 carats and the second is 317 carats. Both are on display in the Tower of London.
1924, the first Winter Olympics began in Chamonix, France.
1995, the Russian nuclear suitcases were activated when a Western nuclear missile was launched from Spitzbergen, Norway, carrying scientific measuring instruments. The Soviet Union was within minutes of ordering a nuclear launch, mis-interpreting the missile as an attack. Norway had notified thirty-five countries of the launch, including Russia, nine days in advance. The Defense Ministry of Russia received the notification but did not relay the information to the early warning radar observation posts.

January 26

1950, India became its own independent republic. Dr. Rajendra Prasad took the oath of office in Delhi and served as India’s president for twelve years. India had been under British rule for nearly a century.
1960, the USS John S. McCain rescues the entire 41 man crew of the sinking Japanese freighter, Shinwa Maru, in the East China Sea.
1972, stewardess Vesna Vulović, of Czechoslovakia is the sole survivor of a plane crash in which it fell 33,300 feet. JAT Flight 367, a McDonnell Douglas DC-9 was en route from Stockholm, Sweden to Belgrade when the plane exploded into pieces. Vesna survived the impact with multiple broken bones and was in a coma for twenty-seven days.

January 27

1888, the National Geographic Society is founded in Washington D.C. by a group of thirty-three men. Its first publication did not appear until October. Revenue from magazine sales funds expeditions and research. Circulation in 2011 was roughly 9 million issues monthly. The magazine was the first to publish photos of the sky, north and south poles. With the introduction of photographs, the magazines’ early subscription went up from 1,000 to 2 million.
1942, US Navy submarine, Gudgeon, is first US sub to sink an enemy Japanese sub.
1945, the Russian army reached and captured Auschwitz concentration camp in Poland. Only the sick were still in the camp as the Nazis moved all prisoners able to walk into other camps just a few weeks earlier. The Auschwitz Museum adjusted the death toll from the camp at between 1 and 1.5 million, mostly Jews (1 million). Few records were left as the Nazis destroyed the crematorium and the camp’s registration records before abandoning it. Escapees, survivors and remaining records showed over 400,000 Jews entered the camp from Hungary, many who were told they were being transported there for a prisoner exchange.
1965, the Shelby GT 350 was unveiled. It was designed and developed by Carroll Shelby. The car had a 306 horsepower V-8 engine. Current prices for an all-original late 60’s Shelby average $135,000. Some exceed $200,000. Only 562 were built for 1965, with 36 “R” models built specifically by Shelby for racing.

January 29

1922, heavy snow accumulation collapsed the roof in on the Knickerbocker Theatre in Washington, D.C. killing over one-hundred theater-goers and injuring over 100 more.
1936, the U.S. Baseball Hall of Fame elected is first members in Cooperstown, New York. Among the first to be inducted are Ty Cobb, Babe Ruth, Honus Wagner, Christy Matthewson and Walter Johnson.

January 30

1965, Sir. Winston Churchill was buried at Oxfordshire parish churchyard. While his coffin lay-in-state, over 321,000 visitors paid their last respects. His funeral procession began from Westminster Hall, to St. Paul’s for the service, then to the Thames River where it was placed onboard the Havengore to Waterloo. From there, it was put on a train. Thousands watched from wayside stations along the entire route.

January 31

1983, Britain’s mandatory seatbelt law went into effect, with exceptions for taxi drivers.

 Posted by on 01/24/2012 Almanac  Add comments