Cold Sunday

Moscow Blizzard

Thirty years ago on January 17, 1982 during the night, a surge of unprecedented cold air came upon much of the U.S. How cold was it? It was the kind of cold that does not even exist outside of the permafrost polar regions of Siberia or on Antarctica.
New record low temperatures were set in a majority of the states, and many of those record temperatures still stand. The cold went as far south as Mississippi and into Florida, from New Jersey on the east, to the upper Midwest; all had record low temperatures. The northern Florida citrus crop for 1982 was written off as a ‘disaster from the freezing cold.’ Even during the day, temperatures still did not rise. Below is a list showing some of the record temperatures from week. The high temperature for the day in Princeton, NJ was -2 where a normal high would be 39. Cincinnati, OH was still -9 for a high temp during the day and Fargo, ND overnight low was -20 but the daytime high only reached -16.

January 16

1919, the U.S. Constitution’s 18th Amendment went into effect, prohibiting the manufacture, sale or transportation of alcohol for beverages. It was repealed in 1933 with the passing of the 21st Amendment.
1930, USS Lexington provided electricity temporarily to the city of Tacoma, WA when flooding had shut down the power plants in the area.
1945, Hitler went underground into his bunker where he stayed the last 105 days of his life.
1970, Colonel Muammar Gaddafi assumed the role of Prime Minister of Libya, four months after staging a successful military coup against the ruling monarchy of King Idris. After assuming command, he nationalized all businesses, expelled almost all foreigners and demanded Britain leave its military bases. The aim was to establish Libya as an all Islamic state. Even street signs were removed and replaced with Arabic lettered signs and names.
1991, Operation Desert Storm began, the objective to liberate Kuwait from Iraqi occupation.

January 17

1562, French Protestants were recognized under the Edict of St. Germain. It was a royal decree that gave the French Protestants (Huguenots) the right to preach for the first time, ending a long period of persecution.
1806, Thomas Jefferson’s daughter, Martha, gave birth to James Madison Randolph, the first child born in the White House.
1955, the first nuclear powered submarine, the USS Nautilus (SSN-571) cast off lines at 11:00 hours and sent back the message “underway on nuclear power.”
1995, a twenty-second-long 7.2 magnitude earthquake rocked Kobe, Japan, leaving buildings and highways in shambles. Over 6,000 lives were lost and 45,000 homes destroyed in Kobe, Osaka and Kyoto. The epicenter lay beneath Awajisima, an island twenty miles away from Kobe.

January 18

1776, the Colony of Georgia’s Royal Governor James Wright was arrested and placed under house arrest in the governor’s mansion until he escaped to a British man-of-war on February 11. He returned in December 1778 with armed forces and recaptured the city of Savannah, ruling as the Royal Governor until retreating in July of 1782, when he left for London to retire.
1911, the first aircraft landing on board a ship, the USS Pennsylvania by Eugene Ely.
1912, British naval officer Robert F. Scott arrived at the South Pole only to find that Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen had already arrived. Scott’s journey was plagued with harsh weather and on his return trip was forced to take shelter in a tent where he and his last two companions froze.

January 19

1966, Indira Gandhi became India’s first woman prime minister. She was assassinated by her Sikh Islamic body guards in 1984. Succeeded by her son, Rajiv, he too was assassinated in 1991.

January 20

1961, 43 year old John F. Kennedy is sworn in as the youngest president of the U.S.

January 21

1968, a B-52 flying from Thule Air Base in Greenland crashed into the Arctic Ocean with four hydrogen bombs. Only three were ever recovered. In 2008, a sub was sent in to reattempt finding the missing fourth bomb but nothing was located. The B-52’s began flying continually since 1960 in the event of a nuclear attack against the U.S. from Russia.
1981, the fifty-two hostages held in Tehran, Iran for 444 days, arrived in West Germany on their way home to the U.S. They were taken hostage from the American embassy in Tehran in November 1979.

 

 Posted by on 01/16/2012 Almanac  Add comments