TelemachusJanuary 1

404, in Rome, spectators kill Telemachus, a monk, when he tried to stop a gladiators fight. Although variations of the event exist, it is generally agreed that it was the last of the gladiators’ fights [to the death.]

1788, the Times of London is first published, formerly called The Daily Universal Register.

January 2

1942, the city of Manila, Philippines was taken by the Japanese.

1974, U.S. President Richard Nixon signed legislation declaring a national speed limit of 55 mph.

January 3

1959, Alaska was admitted to the Union as the 49th state.

January 4

2010, the Burj Khalifa in Dubai, United Arab Emirates is officially opened, and holds the record for the world’s tallest building.

January 5

1940, FM radio is tested by the Federal Communications Commission.

January 6

1853, President-elect Franklin Pierce and his family were involved in a train wreck in Andover, Massachusetts.

1907, Maria Montessori opened her first school and daycare in Rome.

January 7

1927, the first telephone service is established between New York and London.

January 10

1863, the London Underground opened. It is the world’s oldest underground railway, and runs from London Paddington Station to Farringdon Station.

1968, the last unmanned spacecraft to the moon, the Surveyor 7, landed. It was able to perform soil sample tests and transmit data until February 20. Eighteen months later, men would be landing on the moon.

Oil gusher

1901, the first Texas oil gusher is discovered at Spindletop in Beaumont, TX.

January 13

1815, the British attacked and captured Fort Peter in St. Mary’s, Georgia. It was the only battle from the war of 1812 that would take place in the southern state.

January 15

1493, Christopher Columbus set sail to return to Spain from Hispaniola.

January 18

1788, Captain James Cook is the first known European to visit the Hawaiian Islands, which he initially called “the Sandwich Islands.”

January 20

250, Roman Emperor Trajan Decius issued a decree that sacrifices must be offered to the ancestral gods and the sacrifice must be witnessed by the municipality’s magistrates, who would issue a libellous verifying that person’s loyalty. Christians refusing to offer the sacrifice were tortured or executed.

1265, the first meeting of Parliament was held in the Palace of Westminster.

1885, LaMarcus A. Thompson patented a roller coaster. He went on to receive more than 25 roller coaster patents. One of the rides was called the Gravity Pleasure Switchback Railway, which was operated on Coney Island.

January 22

1947, KTLA in Los Angeles was the first television station to go on the air, west of the Mississippi River. The station was only the seventh in the nation.

January 23

1957, American inventor, Walt Morrison sold the patent rights of his flying disc to the Wham-O toy company who renamed his invention, “the Frisbee.”

January 24

1848, James Marshall found some gold at Sutter’s Mill near Sacramento, California. Within a year, thousands of prospectors moved to California in pursuit of the yellow metal.

1972, a Japanese soldier from WWII was found alive, holed up and surviving in the jungles of Guam.

January 25

1924, the first Winter Olympic Games were held, located in the French Alps at Chamonix, France.

January 27

1785, the University of Georgia is founded as the first public university in the United States. Previous colleges were founded either privately or by royal charter from the King of England.

January 29

1907, Charles Curtis of Kansas became the first U.S. Senator of Native American ancestry.

January 30

1945, five-hundred prisoners of war are liberated from the POW camp at Cabanatuan in the Philippines by 126 U.S. Army Rangers and Filipino resistance fighters.

January 31

1961, Ham, the chimp made space history as he was launched into orbit aboard the Mercury-Redstone 2. Ham was one of forty chimpanzees trained for the 16 minute long mission. He splashed down safely in the Atlantic Ocean and lived out a long and pampered lifestyle until his death in 1983.

 Posted by on 01/23/2013 Almanac  Add comments