November 1

1915, Parris Island is officially designated as a U.S. Marine Corps Recruit Depot.

November 5

1605, King James escaped death from the gunpowder plot of Guy Fawkes. Fawkes was caught lurking around in the Parliament building around midnight. A search of the premises was ordered and twenty barrels of gunpowder were found in the basement underneath Parliament where the King and the ministers were to meet that day.

November 8

1950, during the Korean War, the first jet-aircraft to jet-aircraft battle took place. U.S. Air Force Lt. Russell Brown shot down two North Korean MiG-15s.

November 13

1956, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that Alabamaʼs segregated busing laws were unconstitutional, thereby ending the Montgomery bus boycott.

November 14

1940, the city of Coventry, England was bombed to smithereens by the Nazis Luftwaffe bombers.

November 18

1863, President Lincoln traveled to Gettysburg, Pennsylvania by train, to deliver a speech at the dedication of the cemetery for the soldiers who died in battle at Gettysburg earlier that year.

November 20

1945, the criminal war trials of twenty-four Nazis began at the Palace of Justice in Nuremberg, Bavaria, Germany, historically known as the Nuremberg Trials.

November 21

164 BC, Judas Maccabaeus, son of Mattahias, restored the temple in Jerusalem. The event is commemorated as Hanukkah.

1620, the settlers in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, sign the Mayflower Compact.

November 22

1718, off the coast of North Carolina, the British Royal Navy attacked and killed the pirate “Blackbeard,” aboard his ship.

November 23

1936, the iconic American magazine LIFE went into print as a photographic publication. It was published weekly until 1972.

November 24

1835, the Texas Provincial Government authorized the mounted police force, known as the Texas Rangers, still in existence today. The Rangers had already been in operation for twelve years but the government had not formally approved and authorized the group.

November 27

1895, Swedish-born Alfred B. Nobel signed his last will and testament, declaring his intention that his fortune would be directed to provide for the establishing of the Nobel Prizes. He held 350 patents, his most famous being dynamite but lesser known inventions of his are plywood, a detonator and blasting cap. Though a pacifist, he owned several armament factories at the time of his death.

1924, Macyʼs held its first Thanksgiving Day Parade.

November 28

1520, Portuguese adventurer Ferdinand Magellan passed through a rough strait at the southern tip of South America, making him and his crew the first Europeans to pass over to the Pacific Ocean by traveling west. The straits are named after him as the Straits of Magellan.

November 29

1961, under the Mercury-Atlas project, NASA sent a chimpanzee into space. The spacecraft orbited earth twice then splashed down in the Atlantic near Puerto Rico.

November 30

1803, the Spaniards turn over Louisiana territory to the French, who later sell it to the U.S. about three weeks later.

 Posted by on 11/30/2012 Almanac   Add comments