September 1

1983, the USSR shot down Korean Airlines Flight 007 after it strayed into Soviet air space. Eight Soviet fighters reacted to the airliner and Japanese ground control recorded a Soviet pilot stating he had visual and fired upon it. The plane was a Boeing 747. In later years, defectors from the Soviet Union claim the plane was not shot down, but was escorted into the Soviet Union and forced to land.

japan surrenderSeptember 2

1945, on board the USS Missouri the Japanese envoy sign an unconditional surrender to the Allies.

September 5

1882, the first U.S. Labor Day Parade was held in New York City.

September 6

1492, after stopping in the Canary Islands, Christopher Columbus left to cross the Atlantic in which he discovered the New World.

September 8

1930, Chic Young’s comic strip “Blondie” debuted.

September 9

1791, the new capitol of the United States is to be named Washington, D.C. in honor of President George Washington.

1972, an exploration and mapping team in the Mammoth Cave National Park in Kentucky discovered a passageway into the Flint Ridge cave system, making it the longest known cave passageway system in the world. The Mammoth-Flint Ridge Cave System surpasses 390 miles in length, more than twice as long as the second largest cave system, South Dakota’s Jewel Cave of 157 miles.

September 11

1609, Henry Hudson discovered Manhattan Island and the indigenous people living thereon.

September 13

1788, the U.S. Congress declared New York City as the nation’s capital.

September 14

1959, during the “space race” between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R., Russia’s space probe Luna 2 crash landed on the surface of the moon. It was the first man-made object to reach the moon. The probe was sending signals up until the moment of impact.

September 15

1944, the Battle of Peleliu began as U.S.M.C. 1st Marine Division and the U.S. Army 81st Infantry landed on Orange and White beaches under heavy Japanese fire from artillery and small arms. The island nation today is called Palau. Over 17,000 Marines and over 10,000 soldiers landed on the island before the battle ended on November 27, 1944.

September 17Enterprise

1976, the first Space Shuttle, Enterprise, was unveiled by NASA at Palmdale, California. The original name chosen by NASA was Constitution, but Star Trek fans, known as Trekkies, wrote President Ford and it was renamed the Enterprise after the name of the first space ship from the fictional television series. Enterprise never flew in space, it rode piggy back atop a 747 and was released to glide back to earth at Edwards AFB. The Enterprise was not built with engines nor with a heat shield, but was used for testing approach and landing, vibration, controls and other atmospheric tests.

September 19

1876, Melville R. Bissell received a patent for his carpet sweeping device.

September 22

1888, the first issue of the magazine “National Geographic” is published.

1896, Queen Victoria of England surpassed her Grandfather King George III as the longest reigning monarch in Britain’s history. She began her reign at the age of 18 in 1837 and it ended with her death in 1901, having reigned for 63 years 7 months as queen. She and her husband, Prince Albert had nine children, all of which married into royalty across Europe, earning her the nickname “Grandmother of Europe.”

September 23

1912, the first “Keystone Cops” silent film was released by Mack Sennett.

September 24

1789, President George Washington signed the Judiciary Act of 1789, which Congress had passed, creating the Supreme Court of the United States. Washington then nominated John Jay as Chief Justice, who became the first Chief when approved by Congress two days later. The first session of the Supreme Court was held in New York City’s Royal Exchange Building.

September 25

1789, the first U.S. Congress adopted the 12 amendments to the Constitution, ten of them became known as the Bill of Rights. These amendments were then sent out to the states for ratification.

September 26.Sir Francis Drake

1580, after nearly three years of sailing, Francis Drake returned to Plymouth, England, with his ship the Golden Hind laden with treasure and gold. He had sailed south around the tip of South America, raiding Spanish settlements along the Pacific coast, as far as present day Washington state before sailing across the Pacific then back to England. Elizabeth I of England awarded Drake a knighthood in 1581. His exploits were legendary, making him a hero to the English but a pirate to the Spaniards to whom he was known as “El Draque“.

September 30

1882, in Appleton, Wisconsin, Thomas Edison’s first hydroelectric power plant went into operation on the Fox River.

 Posted by on 09/07/2012 Almanac   Add comments